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REACH Completes Rapid Assessment for Shelter and CCCM Clusters in Iraq

Following the declaration of a level 3 emergency in Iraq on August 14th, the most severe type of humanitarian crisis, REACH has been working with the Shelter and Camp Management and Camp Coordination (CCCM) Clusters to complete a rapid assessment of households displaced by conflict in Iraq.

The assessment was conducted as part of REACH’s long-standing agreement with the global Shelter Cluster, and surveyed households across the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, where over 860,000 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) are currently staying, according to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, UNOCHA.

The report outlines the immediate needs of those displaced, with a focus on shelter and Non-Food Items (NFI) for winterization programming. While  assistance was found to be widespread, the assessment found that few IDPs are prepared for the upcoming winter, with widespread lack of access to heating, and insufficient access to blankets and winter clothes. The need to address this will be particularly pressing for the most vulnerable IDP families, who are staying in collective shelters, camps, unfinished buildings and in the open air.

The assessment findings will directly inform the Humanitarian Needs Overview, due to be released in early September 2014, the inter-agency Strategic Response Plan, and general humanitarian programming for the current internal displacement crisis in Iraq. A follow-up key informant assessment is currently underway throughout the central and southern areas of Iraq, where household-level data collection is impossible due to limitations on humanitarian access as a result of the current security situation.

Read the full CCCM and Shelter Cluster Rapid Assessment Report, September 2014 

For more information, see the full list of reports and factsheets form REACH for the Iraq IDP crisis

REACH Releases New Report on Climatic Extremes and Early Warning Systems in Chad

The Lake Fitri Drainage basin in Eastern Chad is home almost two million people, whose lives are affected by floods and droughts every year. In an area already affected by conflict and rebellion, these extreme weather events are severely impacting the resilience of the local communities. The BRACED project, funded by the UK Department for International Development, DfID, seeks to strengthen people’s capacity to respond to flooding and drought in the Sahel belt, but significant information gaps exist about reality of climatic extremes and coping mechanisms in this area.

REACH conducted an assessment of the impact of floods and droughts in the Lake Fitri area, in partnership with ACTED and Chora, a Chadian NGO. The project examined the capacity of local authorities to monitor and effectively respond to climatic shocks, as well as the coping strategies of local communities. By gaining a better understanding of how communities are currently responding to floods and droughts and identifying areas that need improvement, the report contributes to the aims of the BRACED project: to strengthen the capacity of at least 335, 000 people living along river banks in the Chadian Sahelian belt to better withstand flooding and drought.

 Using the findings of this report, under the remit of the BRACED project, ACTED and its partners aim to address these gaps and assist in building people’s capacity to respond to these crises at both the national, regional and local levels.

The final report is available here: Extreme Climate Events and Early Warning Mechanisms in the Lake Filtri Drainage Basin, Chad, September 2014

Internal displacement profiles released for Anbar, Diyala, Salah Al Din, Ninewa & Wassit governorates, Iraq

REACH conducted an Area of Origin Assessment to understand the needs and vulnerabilities of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and host communities in the Iraqi governorates of Anbar, Diyala, Ninewa, Salah Al Din and Wassit. Data was collected between 8-15 September in response to information gaps in these areas where humanitarian access is severely limited by ongoing violence.

The Area of Origin methodology is a remote assessment tool to collect information about the situation in conflict-affected areas, which are difficult to access. REACH uses a network of Key Informants originating from inaccessible or hard-to-reach areas, to assess the current situation in order to inform a rapid humanitarian response in these locations. REACH developed the Area of Origin methodology as part of its overall support to the regional Syria crisis response. The approach was first piloted in Iraq in July 2014, in response to the worsening security situation in the country, which has displaced over 1.8 million people since January 2014.

The factsheets and dashboards provide an overview of displacement trends, together with key issues related to shelter, food and livelihoods faced by IDPs and communities living in areas affected by the crisis.

The following products are available on ReliefWeb and the Humanitarian Response portal:
Anbar Governorate Displacement Factsheet and Dashboard
Diyala Governorate Displacement Factsheet and Dashboard
Ninewa Governorate Displacement Factsheet and Dashboard
Salah Al Din Governorate Displacement Factsheet and Dashboard
Wassit Governorate Displacement Factsheet and Dashboard

REACH releases overview of Syrian Refugees staying in Informal Tented Settlements in Jordan

Informal tented settlements have been present in Jordan since the beginning of the Syrian refugee crisis, but little data exists on the needs and vulnerabilities of those who live there. Staying on private land, often in makeshift shelters, refugees in informal tented settlements are impoverished, and often vulnerable to eviction.

­­REACH conducted a nationwide census of Syrian refugees living in informal tented settlements in Jordan, commissioned by UNICEF. The report assessed needs across multiple sectors including education, food security, health, livelihoods, shelter and water and sanitation.

The study builds on a baseline assessment of informal tented settlements in Jordan, carried out by REACH in December 2013. Assessment findings show a dramatic increase in the number of settlements since late 2013, covering a total of 125 informal settlements and representing a four-fold increase in the number of settlements identified to date.

With the support of UNICEF, REACH continues to monitor the evolution of informal tented settlements in Jordan to inform humanitarian actors of the evolving needs of some of the most vulnerable and impoverished Syrian refugee households.

The full report can be read here: Multi-sector Assessment Report on Syrian Refugees living in Informal Tented Settlements in Jordan