As of 16 October 2016, more than 324,000 Afghans were internally displaced between January and October 2016 (OCHA Afghanistan). Of Afghanistan’s 34 provinces, 31 provinces recorded some level of forced displacement. Major triggers for recent displacement include the October 2015 earthquake in Badakhshan, flash floods, the Taliban’s renewed spring offensive, and continued insecurity. Humanitarian actors have been focusing their efforts on the immediate needs of those recently displaced as a result of emergencies, but a significant gap remains in both information and support for IDPs in prolonged displacement.
Based on information gaps and assessment needs defined jointly by OCHA, the clusters and implementing actors, REACH’s action will provide analysis capacity and primary data to enhance the evidence-base for decision making of humanitarian actors in Afghanistan, leading to more efficient aid delivery and, more specifically, increased capacity to identify and support IDPs in prolonged displacement.
More specifically, REACH will support OCHA, the Clusters and humanitarian partners in country through the following activities:
- Analysis of prolonged IDPs: By using both new IDP assessment data, prolonged IDP baseline data, and prolonged IDP monitoring data, as well as other secondary data, OCHA and REACH will produce a quarterly analysis of the needs, vulnerabilities, and the situation of IDPs – both newly displaced and prolonged IDPs. The proposed analysis will build on OCHA’s monthly updates, the Joint Assessment Team, and other relevant assessment data to determine longitudinal trends in terms of the humanitarian situation and severity of needs. This will help in the future conducting a multi-sector needs analysis to inform key products such as the Humanitarian Needs Overview and the Humanitarian Response Plan;
- Shelter/NFI needs assessments: to inform better shelter and NFI humanitarian response planning of UN agencies and NGOs, REACH will provide information on shelter recovery levels and appropriateness, remaining needs and coping mechanisms or lack thereof from the 2014 flood-affected populations in Northern and North Eastern provinces of Afghanistan;
- Support to Shelter Cluster: following the October 2015 earthquake, REACH is conducting a longitudinal research study of the shelter response in order to inform shelter cluster post emergency interventions. This activity consists in monitoring the changes in sheltering conditions for families affected by the earthquake since the baseline assessment; evaluating the utility of various shelter interventions, including temporary shelter solutions; and determining what is limiting recovery, and what measures that have been taken have had positive effect, particularly relating to vulnerable groups.