REACH has released a new report examining the profile and displacement patterns of internally displaced persons in sites across South Sudan. The study addresses the need for a broad overview of internal displacement in the country, which has caused over 2 million individuals to become displaced since the start of the the current conflict in December 2013, including over 500,000 refugees, and an estimated 1.5 million internally displaced persons (IDPs).
Funded by the European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO), the study provides an overview of displacement in ten major displacement sites across the six most conflict-affected states in South Sudan. The report examines household level data about the displacement history, socio-economic profile and intentions of IDPs in four informal settlements, and in six Protection of Civilians sites on the bases of United Nations peacekeeping forces.
Amid ongoing discussions about relocations, the study was developed to examine the extent to which displacement patterns and intentions are affected by a range of push and pull factors. In the short term, the analysis presented in this report provides detailed information at community level to inform advocacy around returns and relocations, and in the longer term to inform durable solutions.
While the major displacement sites examined in this report are the primary focus of the humanitarian response, the vast majority of displaced persons are estimated to reside elsewhere, many in “hard-to-reach” areas about which little information is known. Based on community-level data provided through key informant interviews and focus group discussions in eight sites in hard-to-reach areas in Unity, Jonglei and Lakes States, the report also describes the dire humanitarian situation in some of these areas, where further information on humanitarian needs is desperately needed to inform the provision of assistance.
The full report is available here: South Sudan Displacement Trends Analysis.