Despite the end of the civil war in Chad in 2010, the country continues to face persistent humanitarian needs in terms of overall livelihoods, food insecurity, malnutrition, sanitation and hygiene. The country has also become host to a flux of internal displaced persons (IDP’s), refugees and returnees, as a result of the increase in violence and subsequent instability in neighbouring Nigeria since December 2014. The arrival of displaced populations in such a context represents an additional weight on host populations’ coping capacity.
Despite this, little information is available at the moment on the specific needs generated by these population influxes which in turns limits the capacity of aid actors to plan and roll out an adapted humanitarian response. Potential tensions over scarce resources among various communities are also a concern which requires humanitarian actors to be able to develop a capacity to monitor needs as well as potential tensions.
To address this gap, REACH was deployed to Chad in late 2015 in order to increase the provision of timely information so that relevant actors can respond more effectively to the needs of displaced population.
Overall, REACH’s program in Chad seeks to offer support in the development of additional knowledge on multi sector needs at community level and internal cohesion among groups, as well as in building a capacity to provide regular updates on the evolution of needs. REACH will do this namely through:
- Collection of primary data through a network of approximately 200 key informants on needs, intentions, assistance received, and vulnerability, including access to services, in order to inform specific humanitarian planning, prioritisation, and intervention;
- Provision of regular updates to humanitarian stakeholders to monitor needs at local level as well as to anticipate potential new influxes of populations and further mitigate any aggravation of vulnerability.
REACH will work closely with OCHA and IOM, in order to build upon and complement other available datasets and information outputs like the IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (IOM DTM) and OCHA databases to ensure the provision of robust and accurate outputs and will work closely with operational NGOs and UN Agencies to ensure its findings are integrated in aid planning and delivery.