In the evening of October 3, 2016, Haiti’s southern tip was struck by Hurricane Matthew, the most violent hurricane in the past 10 years. Ahead of the hurricane, concerns were already high, due to the power of the hurricane, that made human casualties and significant material damages seem unavoidable. Hundreds of homes are now severely damaged, trees are uprooted, fields are flooded, and entire towns are unrecognizable and disaster-stricken.
So far, as a direct result of the hurricane, 2.1 million people (20% of the Haitian population), including 894,057 children, are affected, and 1,410,774 people (12.9% of the population) are in need humanitarian assistance. The two most affected areas are the Grand Anse Department, with its entire population of 468,000 persons affected, and the Sud Department, with 775,000 persons affected. 80% of the populations in Grand Anse and 60% in Sud needs urgent humanitarian aid.
REACH has been deployed in Haiti in the aftermath of the hurricane, with the aim of informing humanitarian planning and aid delivery. REACH teams are focusing on the following activities:
- Baseline multi-sectorial assessment and profiling of infrastructure destruction, vulnerability and capacities of areas affected by Hurricane Matthew in Grand Anse and Sud Departments: throughout the assessment, REACH is promoting an active engagement of operational actors (local and international) in data collection and analysis, and findings of the assessment will be collected and presented by settlements / neighbourhoods. Field data collection is also complemented by satellite imagery analysis of destruction conducted by REACH’s partner UNOSAT.
- Area-based assessments and development of neighbourhood recovery plans for the city of Jérémie: REACH is working in close partnership with national, local and international actors – including the Centre d’Opérations d’Urgence Départementale, Mayors, the local CBO network, relevant service providers, the Haitian red Cross, UN Agencies and INGOs – to promote an efficient collaboration between national and international stakeholders and facilitate neighbourhood-based approaches for the humanitarian response in Jérémie. The resulting outputs will provide key information to enable cross-sectorial planning by settlement, as well as providing channels of engagement with local actors, such as service providers (schools, health centres, waste management., etc.), grassroots civil society, local authorities and informal leadership structures.
- Assessment of schools hosting displaced populations in Jérémie: affected populations that have lost their homes have been displaced across the city of Jeremy, with numerous schools now hosting IDPs. In order to inform better responses to the needs of populations hosted in 15 schools across Jeremy, REACH conducted an assessment IDPs displacement, intentions, and immediate needs towards livelihood recovery. Findings indicate most IDPs arrived in collective centres from close-by neighbourhoods and would return to their homes as quickly as they could, given some basic material or financial support is provided to them, or an alternative shelter solution can be proposed when homes are completely inhabitable or were previously rented. Findings are available here (also available in French).