Assessing the population remaining inside Syria is typically challenging due to ongoing conflict, and the lack of detailed information on needs and vulnerabilities of people inside the country often impedes a well-planned humanitarian response. Hasakeh governorate, located in the north-eastern corner of the country, provides an illustration of this: access challenges and the volatile situation in parts of the governorate has resulted in limited data collection efforts. In particular, there is a lack of household-level information on long-term effects of the sustained crisis on populations that have not left the area. In light of this, REACH conducted between May and June 2016 a multi-sectorial needs assessment of six sub-districts within Hasakeh governorate (Ras al Ain, Amuda, Darbasiyah, Hasakeh, Quamishli and Tal Tamer), aiming to develop understanding of the humanitarian situation in these areas.
Findings for food security and livelihoods indicate a key area of concern across the area assessed, highlighting the precarious situation of the majority of households in the area. Whilst a minority of households were classified as food insecure (21%), a majority were on the periphery of maintaining food security, with 86% facing challenges to obtaining food. A lack of livelihoods opportunities is apparent, with a decreased reliance on employment-based income sources parallel to an increased reliance on non-employment based sources, as well as significantly higher expenditure and total debt in comparison to income. These patterns are particularly pronounced in rural areas, where households tend to have a greater reliance on less predictable income sources (such as begging, bartering, assistance and remittances), as well as larger monthly expenditures and total average debt in comparison to urban households.
Further, in terms of access to services, similar patterns appear for electricity and water: while networks are still typically functioning in the majority of areas, limitations in services are evident with a minority facing water shortages and minimal access to electricity. Again, rural households appear particularly disadvantaged as they were more likely to face water shortages and be without electricity.
Overall, it appears that whilst lifesaving intervention is limited to certain groups, humanitarian assistance is crucial for maintaining access to income and basic services and to ensure that the humanitarian situation does not deteriorate further. The household data collected should assist humanitarian actors with the planning and targeting of assistance, and has already been used to inform the 2017 Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO).
You can access the full Hasakeh MSNA report on this link.