Central African Republic (CAR)

Multiple displacements have taken place in Central African Republic (CAR) since 2005 as a result of conflict and crime. After the 2007 Libreville peace agreement, the security situation in the North of the country began to improve, prompting the spontaneous return of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) to their areas of origin. However, the political-military crisis in the capital, Bangui, in March 2013 aggravated the already precarious humanitarian situation and resulted in a significant increase in displacement. On 5 December 2013, the international community declared the situation a ‘Level 3’ crisis, i.e. the most severe level of a humanitarian emergency. Since December 2013, nearly 900,000 people have fled their homes: an estimated 436,000 people are internally displaced, and an additional 460,000 people have found refuge in four asylum countries: Cameroun, Chad, DRC, and Congo.

  • REACH was first deployed to CAR in April 2012 to support the recently re-activated UNHCR-led Shelter Cluster in the development of a country strategy. Following the completion of a secondary data review, REACH undertook a three-week field mission to facilitate an inter-agency assessment in the North-West of the country. The aim of the assessment was to inform the cluster response strategy in support of returnee households in accessible and prioritized areas. As part of the analysis and dissemination of the collected data, REACH produced a needs assessment report including a range of static maps.
  • In late 2013, following the Level 3 crisis declaration, REACH was mobilized again to facilitate a shelter sector assessment in Bangui, where half of the identified 830,000 IDPs were reported staying. As part of this assessment, REACH conducted an IDP sites flood vulnerability assessment in order to inform cluster members response and contingency strategy for the coming rainy season. In addition, REACH conducted a mapping exercise of Bangui’s arrondissements and displacement sites that provided common understanding of Bangui spatial organisation amongst actors and coordination bodies.
  • Since the beginning of March 2015, REACH supports the coordination of the country-wide Rapid Response Mechanism, together with UNICEF. In this regard, REACH has been producing monthly bulletins to track progress.
  • In 2015, REACH also extended its support to the Shelter Cluster through the deployment of an Information Management Officer in CAR.