Mali: English Version

Since March 2012, political instability and internal armed conflict have further aggravated Mali’s precarious humanitarian situation, characterised by mass displacement, latent food insecurity and malnutrition, unpredictable weather conditions and economic instability. Those issues led to internally displacement of 200,000 people who mainly get hosted in urban areas in the South, especially in Bamako.

Within the framework of its partnership with the Global Shelter Cluster, REACH was first deployed in Mali in November 2012 to provide shelter assessments and IM capacity to the country cluster and its members. REACH objectives were to understand and map displacement trends and assess Internally Displaced Persons needs.

REACH’s initial outputs, completed in December 2012, consisted of a shelter sector secondary data review as well as an assessment and mapping of Bamako’s informal settlements. The settlement mapping enabled a better understanding of IDP dynamics and movements in Bamako’s urban context, and of the pressure put on host communities and access to services.

In 2013 REACH participated in the mapping of basic services in North Mali designed to facilitate decision making by inter-sectorial and sectorial coordination bodies. REACH also took part in the creation of a technical group for the management of Geographic Information Systems, in the frame of which REACH partnered with OCHA for the creation of an interactive web-mapping platform to better visualize interagency assessment findings.

Furthermore, REACH implemented a floods analysis assessment, using data from 2006 to 2013. Based on satellite imagery showing humidity levels provided by UNOSAT, data collected by the DGPC (Direction Générale de la Protection Civile) on flood affected areas and data provided by ministries and clusters, REACH produced maps showing the frequency and the impact of floods in different regions of Mali as well as the risk and vulnerability levels by area. These maps were used by the humanitarian community and the Government as a baseline to inform Mali flood contingency plan for 2014.

In October 2013, REACH was deployed on behalf of the Shelter Cluster to launch a rapid needs assessment in Timbuktu and Gao regions. The aim was to identify vulnerable population groups amongst IDPs and non-displaced households as well as their eventual needs in terms of Shelter and NFI. The findings of the assessment were released by the end of the year and used to inform 2014 cluster activities as well as cluster members’ programs.

REACH has recently been working with UNICEF on a WASH baseline report focussing on access to water for affected communities in Kidal, Timbuktu and Gao.

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