Twenty years of protracted conflict and consecutive climatic shocks have caused wide internal displacements in Somalia. The overall security situation remains highly volatile, significantly limiting access and the delivery of relief assistance to affected populations. According to OCHA, an estimated 1.1 million Somalis were internally displaced and approximately 369,000 of them were based in Mogadishu as of December 2014. Due to the informal nature and the geographic scattering of IDP settlements, collecting accurate disaggregated household level figures remains a critical challenge for the humanitarian community. This has resulted in inconsistent reporting of IDP figures and the lack of centralized and integrated datasets, further hampering the delivery of assistance to displaced populations living in settlements.

In this context, REACH was first deployed to Somalia in July 2012 to provide surge capacity and technical support to the Global Shelter Cluster and the Tri-Cluster Strategy (Shelter/NFI-Health-WASH). Launched on the 20th of June 2012 and including 14 partners (NGOs, INGOs and UN agencies) and 16 projects, it aimed at addressing IDP needs. The Strategy has been formulated in order to respond to IDP crises in Mogadishu and other locations resulting from the massive population displacements that occurred in 2011 during the drought. REACH conducted a Shelter Sector Review to fill information gaps across multiple sectors in IDP settlements.

Since then, REACH has continued to carry out assessments, camp profiles, and mapping activities in many regions of Somalia with the aim of providing quality and reliable data and information to the humanitarian community. REACH’s inputs contributed to the formulation of countrywide needs analysis and response strategies.

As part of its core mandate in Somalia, REACH provides support through:

  • Developing and piloting of the Shelter Cluster’s monitoring and evaluation (M&E) framework and tools;
  • Supporting the Food Security Cluster in response analysis and regional contingency planning;
  • Conducting multi-cluster baseline assessment in priority IDP settlements in Somalia; and
  • Supporting the roll-out of OCHA’s Somalia Initial Rapid Needs Assessment (SIRNA) process.








Somalia – Country Reference Map, March 2016 Mogadishu IDP Profile – Settlement Perimeters, March 2016


View all maps, reports and other resources from REACH in Somalia