South Sudan

Since the outbreak of civil war in December 2013, South Sudan has been facing an unprecedented and highly complex humanitarian crisis. An estimated 2 million individuals have been displaced; 1.5 million remain internally displaced and more than 500,000 have fled to neighbouring countries. The country faces significant challenges, especially in terms of the outreach of basic services, wide-spread food insecurity and high vulnerability to natural disasters. In this context, REACH has been present in South Sudan since 2012 to support aid actors in improving effective humanitarian response, especially by enhancing understanding of refugee and internal displacement (IDP) contexts.

REACH has supported the refugee response since 2012, gathering and analyzing geo-referenced data in the four main refugee camps established in Upper Nile and Maban States. Maps produced by REACH have been used by a variety of actors to improve access to services. REACH also conducted and mapped a series of assessments to determine the locations of vulnerable populations—namely, at-risk women, children, older persons, and disabled individuals—in the camp with respect to their most needed service delivery points. This exercise identified a number of concerns, and the results were shared with camp actors and the protection cluster. Finally, REACH has also conducted a number of thematic assessments on refugees and host communities, including on energy use, resource completion and WASH, as well as leading rapid assessments in the course of sudden refugee influxes.

In 2014 IMPACT extended its operations in South Sudan in order to support the humanitarian response to the internal displacement crisis. Since then, we have engaged with the Shelter and CCCM clusters to profile IDP settlements, including Protection of Civilians (POC) sites, and study displacement patterns of IDPs. In 2015, REACH also initiated intentions assessments to understand the possibility of voluntary IDP relocation and return, and the dynamics involved in eventual reintegration. The research has been instrumental in providing information to humanitarian actors on a constantly changing context while also building a source of information on displacement in South Sudan and needs to return to IDP places of origin. Going forward, a keystone for IMPACT’s work for 2016 will be the Area of Origin (AoO) programme through which we will provide regular information on IDP sites in Juba and the Greater Upper Nile States.

Outside the refugee and IDP contexts, in June-August 2013 REACH conducted a flood vulnerability mapping exercise across Warrap State. Between April and June of 2015, IMPACT evaluation teams also conducted a dry season midterm assessment to examine the impact of food for asset (FFA) activities and food aid distribution implemented through the “Building Resilience through Asset Creation and Enhancement” (BRACE) programme which is funded by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID). Prior to this assessment, two baseline studies were completed to account for seasonal variations in 2013 and a wet season midterm assessment was completed in late 2014.