South Sudan

REACH is present in South Sudan since 2012, with a team of over 40 staff informing aid planning and enhancing the understanding of the broader humanitarian community on refugee and internal displacement contexts. The outbreak of conflict in 2013 created a complex humanitarian crisis in the country, restricting humanitarian access and hindering the flow of information required by aid partners to deliver humanitarian assistance to Internally Displaced Persons (IDP). Since then, REACH has engaged with key humanitarian agencies and clusters including Inter-Cluster Working Group, Food Security and Livelihoods, Shelter, Camp Coordination and Camp Management clusters, among others, to profile IDP settlements and Protection of Civilians (POC) sites and study displacement patterns and humanitarian needs of IDPs and refugees, including in hard to reach areas.

The main activities carried out by REACH in South Sudan include:

  • Monitoring humanitarian needs in hard-to-reach areas: REACH monitors on a monthly basis humanitarian needs and access to services in hard-to-reach locations in Greater Upper Nile, Greater Equatoria and Western Bahr el Ghazal since December 2016, using its Area of Knowledge (AoK) methodology. With support from the Office US Foreign Disaster Assistance and Swiss Development Agency, REACH has been producing on a monthly basis a wide range of humanitarian information products including situation overviews, factsheets and thematic maps, which provide in-depth analysis of displacement patterns, push and pull factors, and multi-sector needs in hard to reach areas. This information is regularly used by humanitarian partners as a basis for strategic decision-making and planning of aid delivery, and is a key source of information for the IPC.
  • Assessing IDP movement intentions: In 2015, REACH initiated intentions assessments to understand the possibility of voluntary IDP relocation and return, and the dynamics involved in eventual reintegration. These assessments are instrumental in providing information to humanitarian actors on a constantly changing context while also building a source of information on displacement in South Sudan and needs to return to IDP places of origin.
  • Needs assessment and camp mapping in refugee contexts: REACH supports UNHCR and humanitarian partners working with refugees in Maban County, Upper Nile and Ajuongthok in Unity state. Since 2012 to date, REACH has been gathering and analyzing geo-referenced data in Doro, Gendrassa, Yusuf Batil and Kaya refugee camps established in Maban county. Maps produced by REACH have been used by a variety of actors to improve access to services. REACH also conducts regular assessments on topics such as energy use, resource completion and WASH, as well as rapid assessments in the course of sudden refugee influxes. Among other, REACH assessments have also enabled camp actors to locate vulnerable populations – namely, at-risk women, children, older persons, and disabled individuals – to enhance their access to most needed services.