Syria: REACH Humanitarian Situation Overview

April 1, 2016


Since the outbreak of conflict in 2011, Syria has become the site of the largest humanitarian crisis in the world. The dynamic and multi-faceted nature of the Syrian crisis has posed significant challenges for humanitarian information management. Accessibility and security issues within Syria have impeded systematic data collection efforts, limiting the effectiveness of humanitarian planning and programme implementation.

To address these limitations and shed light on the current situation inside Syria, through its Humanitarian Situation Overview of Syria (HSOS) programme and in close partnership with OCHA, REACH supports humanitarian planning by providing monthly multisectorial updates from within Syria at governorate, sub district and community level. The data collection is conducted through questionnaires distributed to participants – Syrian refugees residing in neighbouring countries – at the beginning of every month, which they complete over the course of two to three weeks, by contacting their key informants via telephone to gather information about their village/neighbourhood of origin. Through this process REACH is able to gather detailed information about Shelter, Displacement, Livelihoods, Non Food Items (NFIs), Health, Food Security, WASH and Education, including in hard to reach areas across Syria. The latest outputs provide an overview of the humanitarian situation as of February 2016 in the governorates of Quneitra, Al Hasakeh and Dar’a.

To compliment these monthly assessments, in February, following complex displacement of people around Dar’a governorate, REACH conducted a series of rapid assessments which aimed to monitor the situation and assess humanitarian needs. These rapid assessment are there to provide an update on information presented in the monthly reports mentioned above, and are available here: Dar’a displacement, 18th February 2016, Displacement to Quneitra, 26th February 2016,  Dar’a displacement, 3rd March 2016.

REACH will continue to publish products on the humanitarian situation in Syria on a monthly basis, with the aim of providing evidence for aid actors in Syria, such as OCHA, UN Agencies, INGOs, the Whole of Syria Clusters and other humanitarian partners in Syria.

Image: Reported displacement routes and IDP caseload in assessed communities