Country Overview

Country Overview

Since 2012, Niger has been heavily impacted by conflict and population displacement on its borders with Mali, Burkina Faso, Nigeria and Chad. This instability has strained an already fragile humanitarian situation and the country remains prone to severe food crises resulting in food insecurity and malnutrition.

Early projects

IMPACT was first deployed to Niger in 2012, when worsening violence in the north of Mali led 50,000 Malian refugees and Nigerien IDPs to flee to the Tillabery region, in western Niger. Through its REACH initiative, and in close cooperation with UNHCR, IMPACT launched mapping programs in the three camps hosting displaced populations. Subsequently, REACH operations expanded to the south-eastern Diffa region, where conflict and insecurity have led to the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people from Niger, Nigeria and Chad. REACH has conducted assessments on migrants transiting through Niger towards North Africa and Europe.

Mapping vulnerabilities to inform the humanitarian intervention

Since 2019, IMPACT provides Information Management support to the Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) consortium in Niger. Given the fragile context and the impact of insecurity and frequent mass displacements on communities in the “Three Border” region (between Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger), IMPACT launched the Humanitarian Situation Monitoring (HSM) in order to provide regular insights for other humanitarian actors into the evolving needs of the affected populations.

In addition, since 2020, IMPACT is producing yearly the Multi-sector Needs Assessment (MSNA), in coordination with all the humanitarian actors and thematic clusters in the country. This evaluation provides a detailed and comprehensive (country-wide) picture with regards to the humanitarian needs per sector, and informs the country’s Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) and the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP).