The blockade and three major escalations of hostilities in the occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT) in the last six years have inflicted large-scale destruction on Gaza’s economy, productive assets and infrastructure. A chronic energy crisis, with power outages reaching 12-16 hours a day, also impairs service delivery, students’ educational outcomes, the functioning of hospitals, medical equipment, and the operation of more than 280 water and wastewater facilities. No major new displacement was recorded in Gaza during 2015, but at the start of 2016 an estimated 95,000 IDPs remained homeless because of the 2014 hostilities.
REACH is deployed in the OPT since summer 2016 in support of the Shelter Cluster. REACH work aims to evaluate the outcomes and impact of the provision of emergency, transitional, and permanent shelter assistance in response to the 2014 conflict in Gaza, by organisations working in the shelter response, and to consolidate shelter-related lessons learned from the response so far. Outcomes from this assessment will inform the planning of the Shelter Cluster future response in the upcoming Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) and Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP).
More precisely, REACH is conducting this shelter response assessment in 2 distinct phases:
- A qualitative participatory evaluation and data collection methodology through a secondary data review, one workshop and purposive sampled semi-structured Key Informants interviews. This provided a qualitative understanding, from a shelter cluster members’ perspective, of the shelter response achievements, best practices, challenges and lessons learned – within a report to be published soon;
- A comprehensive quantitative evaluation including primary data collection through household level interviews. The aim of the second phase will be to produce statistically representative findings in order to quantify 2014 Gaza response outcomes, including where possible self-recovery capacity of the affected population, and eventual residual response gaps – within a report published early 2017.
- Lessons Learned from the shelter response highlight remaining coordination weaknesses amidst improvements, 16 November, 2016
- Lessons Learned from Gaza Shelter Response, September 2016